Arts Education in USA
The State of the Arts
“If they’re worried about their test scores and want a way to get them higher, they need to give kids more arts, not less.”
–Tom Horne, Arizona’s state superintendent of public instruction.
- 26 states include the arts as a Core Academic Subject
- 26 states require course credits in the arts for high school graduation
- 19 states include arts have arts alternatives for high school graduation
- 20 states provide funding for arts education grant programs, or a state funded school of arts
-Arts Education Partnership (AEP) State Policy Summary of 2014’s “State of the States”
Research compiled by AEP suggests that schools offering arts education courses perform better on state and district standardized tests, creating more opportunities to achieve than in schools lacking arts programs. Students from low socio-economic backgrounds, English language learners, and special needs students thrive in arts programs. When a child’s natural curiosity and creativity is engaged, the potential is limitless.
Elementary students scored higher in English, reading, and math when their teachers integrated the arts into a lesson. — Ingram, D., & Riedel, E., (2003). Arts for Academic Achievement: What does arts integration do for students? University of Minnesota: Center for Applied Research and Educational Improvement, College of Education and Human Development.
A positive relationship between achievement in music courses and achievement in core subjects across three groups of students was discovered, providing support linking the impact of musical study on core subjects such as mathematics and biology. — Gouzouasis P., Guhn, M., & Kishor, N. (2007). The predictive relationship between achievement and participation in music and achievement in core grade 12 academic subjects. Music Education Research, 9(1), 81-92.
Intensive arts experiences for at-risk youth directly affected their performance in academic achievement and civic engagement, exceeding the rates for low socio-economic status students who have limited exposure to arts. Students who have been involved in the arts sought to achieve higher levels of academic and professional accomplishments. —Catterall, J. S., Dumais, S. A., & Hampden-Thompson, G. (2012). The arts and achievement in at-risk youth: Findings from four longitudinal studies. Washington, DC: National Endowment for the Arts.